From Brazil nuts to community forestry projects, ACA seeks out and supports initiatives that serve the dual purpose of protecting biodiversity while providing an income to local people.
Brazil nuts have a significant local and international market and are a natural link to conservation, since the trees only produce in a healthy rainforest ecosystem. Endemic to the Amazon basin, these towering canopy trees grow to 165 feet and have a lifespan of several hundred years. In Peru, areas of forest with dense stands of Brazil nut trees are known as castañales. These areas are given as concessions to local Brazil nut harvesters, called castañeros, who manage them under contracts with the Peruvian forest service. Brazil nut concessions are privately managed conservation areas that allow harvesters and their families to make an income from intact forest. Brazil nut harvesters sell the nuts to local shelling factories, which pack and export the product overseas. This extractive activity provides more than half the yearly income for thousands of families in the Amazon and protects several million acres of forest from deforestation.
Watch the video below about our work with Brazil Nut Harvesters produced by the Green Living Project»
ACA and its sister organization Conservación Amazónica-ACCA do more than any other organization to support Brazil nut harvesters in Madre de Dios, Peru. Our research aims to understand the Brazil nut tree’s biology, as well as the effects of their Brazil nut stand management practices and on nut extraction. And, in partnership with local co-ops, ACCA’s field team offers training seminars for Brazil nut harvesters to improve their collection techniques, develop management plans, and create value-added production chains.
Since 1999, ACA’s “Conserving Brazil Nut Forests” program has supported more than 600 harvesters in the protection of nearly two million acres of rainforest. As of 2014, the program has helped:
These concessions now act as a buffer to deforestation along the Interoceanic Highway, which traverses southeastern Peru. Our research in these concessions has amassed one of the largest Brazil nut databases in existence: data on the age, size, productivity, health, and locations of 84,740 individual trees.
rev. June 2015
Brazil nut pods with Brazil nuts inside. Photo: Andre Bartschi
ACCA workshop for Brazil nut harvesters in Alegria, Peru. Photo: Nurymar Feldman
Castañero carries a load of Brazil nuts from the forest. Photo: Nurymar Feldman
Brazil nut drying facility supported by ACA. Photo: Cesar Moran
Researchers study Brazil nut regeneration. Photo: Andre Barschi
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